The Impact of Vitamin A Deficiency and How to Prevent It with Natural Foods

Vitamin A is a type of fat soluble vitamin which is known to be good for eye health and helps repair body cells. If the body is deficient in vitamin A, there will be various health problems, such as eye problems, dry skin, and the risk of having difficulty in procreation.

Vitamin A deficiency can happen to anyone, but children and pregnant women are more at risk of developing this condition, especially those living in developing countries.

A person can experience vitamin A deficiency due to a lack of this vitamin intake, or because of a digestive tract disorder that makes absorption of vitamin A problematic.

Impact of Vitamin A Deficiency

One of the most common effects of vitamin A deficiency is eye problems, such as macular degeneration, dry eyes, decreased vision function, and a corneal disorder called xerophthalmia.

In addition to disturbing eye health, the effects of vitamin A deficiency that can occur include:

1. Dry skin

People who are deficient in vitamin A are more at risk of skin problems, especially eczema and dry skin. This happens because vitamin A is an important vitamin that plays a role in helping to create and repair skin cells.

2. Easily infected

Vitamin A has an important role in maintaining endurance. Lack of vitamin A intake is associated with various risks of infections such as ARI, pneumonia, diarrhea and measles. Those who are deficient in vitamin A, especially children, are at risk of developing complications from measles. Therefore, it is important to meet vitamin A intake in order to maintain a strong immune system.

3. The risk of cancer increases

The link between vitamin A deficiency and cancer is still a matter of debate. However, according to a study, low levels of vitamin A in the body have the risk of triggering the growth of cancer cells.

However, further studies are still needed to determine how much influence vitamin A deficiency has on cancer.

4. Growth disorders in children

Children need complete nutrition to achieve optimal growth and development. One nutrient that also needs to be fulfilled is vitamin A. In the long term, vitamin A deficiency in children is known to stunt children's growth, so that the child's body becomes shorter than their peers.

5. Fertility problems

There are various things that can cause fertility problem or infertility. One of them is vitamin A deficiency. Not only in women, fertility problems due to vitamin A deficiency can also occur in men.

Furthermore, vitamin A deficiency can also increase the risk of miscarriage and genetic disorders or birth defects in the fetus.
Efforts to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency

Natural Foods Rich in Vitamin A

You can get vitamin A from food. Some foods that are good sources of vitamin A are:
  • Chicken and beef.
  • Salmon.
  • Egg.
  • Milk and its preparations, namely cheese and yogurt.
  • Fruits, such as mangoes, cantaloupe, pumpkin, apricots, peppers, and oranges.
  • Various types of vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli, spinach, and sweet potatoes.

Vitamin A deficiency is still a health problem in some countries. This condition can cause serious problems, so it is necessary to make prevention efforts.

Although it is important for health, vitamin A should not be consumed in excessive amounts because it can cause an overdose or poisoning of vitamin A. The recommended intake of vitamin A per day is 900 micrograms for men, 700 micrograms for women, and 1300 micrograms for breastfeeding mothers.

To get additional vitamin A intake, you can take an over the counter vitamin A supplement. However, you should first consult with a nutritionist about the types of supplements and dosages that are safe for consumption.

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