Causes of Stroke and Best Fruit Recommendations for Stroke Sufferers

Stroke is a health problem that occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted or completely stopped, so that the brain tissue is deprived of oxygen and nutrients. As a result, within minutes, brain cells begin to die.

This condition is classified as a serious disease and can be life threatening, therefore it requires immediate medical attention. Prompt and precise help can reduce the risk of brain damage and various other complications.

Stroke symptoms can range from mild to severe, such as paralysis or numbness on one side of the face or body. There are also other symptoms of this disease such as headaches, weakness, problems with vision, difficulty speaking and understanding other people's speech.

Types of Stroke

After understanding what a stroke is and its complete definition, now is the time for you to understand several types of stroke, including:

1. Ischemic stroke

Ischemic stroke is classified as the type of stroke that occurs most often than other types of stroke. This disease occurs when the blood vessels in the brain become narrowed or blocked, so that blood flow to the brain is blocked.

2. Hemorrhagic stroke

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels in the brain leak or burst. This condition starts with weakened blood vessels, which then burst and spill blood around them.

This leak causes a buildup of blood that pushes against the surrounding brain tissue. Death or a long coma will occur if the bleeding continues.

Hemorrhagic strokes fall into two types:

Intracerebral hemorrhage, which is bleeding that appears when an artery in the head bursts and causes bleeding in the brain. Usually, this condition occurs because of high blood pressure.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is bleeding that occurs on the surface of the brain. There are three layers that line the brain, and this bleeding occurs between the layer closest to the brain and the second layer.

3. Transient ischemic attack

Transient ischemic attack (TIA) or often called ministroke is a short-term lack of blood in the nervous system, usually less than 24 hours or even just a few minutes.

This condition occurs when there is a blood clot or clot that blocks blood flow in the central nervous system. The blood clots are temporary so they don't cause tissue damage. However, you have a higher risk of stroke if you've had a transient ischemic attack.

Causes of Stroke

The cause of stroke usually depends on the type. The following are causes that you can learn by type.

Causes of ischemic stroke

There are several conditions that can cause ischemic stroke, such as:

Plaque buildup

The buildup of plaque on artery walls does not only cause heart attacks, but other conditions such as atherosclerosis. This plaque buildup causes the arteries to narrow, thus blocking blood flow to the tissues or organs in the body.

This plaque buildup can also occur in the arteries in the brain and neck. If there is blockage due to plaque accumulating in the arteries both in the brain and in the neck, the patient will experience an ischemic stroke.

There was a blood clot

Apart from clogging, plaque inside the arteries can also burst. The blood cells around the broken plaque stick together and form blood clots. Clotted blood can also clog arteries.

Although the blood clot occurs in other parts of the body, this blood clot can travel up to the brain. This condition is also known as an embolic stroke.

This condition can be caused by blood disorders such as atrial fibrillation and sickle cell disease that triggers blood clots and causes strokes.

Causes of hemorrhagic stroke

The following are some of the conditions that cause hemorrhagic stroke:


High blood pressure or hypertension is the disease that most often causes hemorrhagic strokes. Hypertension can occur due to abnormalities or problems with the kidneys, an unhealthy lifestyle, or consumption of certain drugs.


Aneurysm is an inflammation or inflammation of the artery wall located inside the brain. This condition is caused by the arterial walls thinning and becoming weak, so that inflammation occurs.

Aneurysms can be present at birth (congenital) or develop over time, especially if you have a history of hypertension.

Arterial malformations

Arterial malformation is a condition in which abnormalities in the blood vessels occur. Actually, this disorder can occur in any part of the body, including the brain.

Arterial malformations are usually present from birth. If the artery malformation is located in the brain, this condition is at risk of causing bleeding.

Anticoagulant medications (blood thinners)

Some people who take blood thinners to reduce the risk of blood clots have the potential to experience bleeding in the brain.

Causes of Transient ischemic attack

This condition occurs when plaque or blood clots in arteries located in the central nervous system block the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.

This condition causes blood flow to the brain to become blocked and causes a stroke that occurs briefly.

Various Fruits That Are Good For Stroke Sufferers

Stroke begins with the formation of plaque in blood vessels. This process can be accelerated by exposure to free radicals from the environment and unhealthy lifestyles. Over time, plaque will block blood flow to the brain and trigger a stroke.

Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. All three protect you from various factors that cause stroke by fighting free radicals and maintaining heart function. Among the many types of fruit, here are the most recommended for stroke sufferers:

1. Various types of berries

Berries that are rich in antioxidants and phytochemicals. Phytochemicals are chemical compounds found in plant foods and have certain benefits when consumed. For stroke sufferers, the compounds in this fruit function to maintain a healthy heart and blood vessels.

Each type of berry has its own benefits. Blackberries and raspberries, for example, contain polyphenol antioxidants that protect blood vessels from free radicals. Meanwhile, blueberries and strawberries contain substances that help dilate blood vessels so that blood flow becomes smooth.

2. Citrus fruits

Another type of fruit that is useful for stroke sufferers is citrus fruits. This fruit group consists of sweet oranges, lime, grapefruit, sunkist, lemon, and other fruits with the same characteristics.

Antioxidants and fiber in citrus fruits can lower blood pressure and bad cholesterol, and increase good cholesterol in the body. Thanks to these benefits, citrus fruits are considered to protect the heart and reduce the risk of stroke.

3. Apples

Apples have been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease and stroke. This claim is not without reason, considering that apples contain lots of fiber which is useful for maintaining normal cholesterol levels.

This fruit is recommended for stroke sufferers because it contains flavonoids which can lower blood pressure and bad cholesterol. Launching a study in The Journal of Nutrition, flavonoids can even reduce the risk of stroke by 20 percent.

4. Tomatoes

Often considered a vegetable, tomatoes are actually the fruit recommended for stroke sufferers. Tomatoes contain antioxidants consisting of vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid, beta carotene, and its superiority, lycopene.

The lycopene in tomatoes can lower bad cholesterol levels, prevent inflammation of blood vessels, and maintain normal blood pressure. All three are important factors in reducing the risk of stroke.

5. Dragon fruit

Dragon fruit is considered to be one type of fruit that is good for stroke sufferers. The reason is, this fruit is rich in magnesium content. In fact, 18% of one glass of dragon fruit is magnesium.

Generally, in the body there are 24 grams of magnesium. Although relatively small, this mineral is present in every cell and plays an important role in more than 600 chemical reactions in the body. For example, magnesium plays a role in the process of converting food into energy, muscle contraction, bone formation, and DNA formation.

According to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the magnesium content in the body can also help reduce the risk of developing heart disease and stroke. Even so, further research is still needed to prove it.

6. Avocado

This fruit is also believed to help lower cholesterol levels in the body. This is of course good for stroke sufferers because cholesterol that is too high can cause plaque buildup in blood vessels. The buildup of plaque has the potential to cause ischemic stroke if it blocks a blood vessel in the brain.

In addition, the potassium content in avocado is also believed to reduce blood pressure which is certainly good for stroke sufferers so that the next stroke does not occur. A total of 4.7 grams of potassium can reduce blood pressure by 8.0 / 4.1 mmHg. This means that potassium can reduce up to 15% of the risk of having a stroke.

Every type of fruit is actually beneficial for stroke sufferers. However, the six fruits above are more recommended because they are high in antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and similar compounds that are beneficial for the heart and blood vessels.

The information provided above is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

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