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Causes of Menstrual Pain and How to Treat It Naturally

Menstrual pain, in the medical world called dysmenorrhea, is a common complaint that women often experience during menstruation. Pain usually appears at the beginning of the menstrual period, to be precise in the lower abdomen. Pain can be mild and unobtrusive, to severe and unbearable to the point of interfering with daily activities.

The problem of menstrual pain is quite a troublesome problem. Stunted activity, bad moods and very disturbing pain cause women to dislike menstrual pain.

However, sometimes we cannot avoid the arrival of this menstrual pain. The simplest way for some people is to take over-the-counter pain relievers such as paracetamol and others. However, some people who are not used to taking pain relievers often can't help but swallow their menstrual pain by curling up as long as needed.

Don't worry, there is medical advice to treat and prevent bothersome menstrual pain without taking pain medications. What can we do to treat menstrual pain naturally?

Causes of Menstrual Pain


The shedding of the uterine wall during menstruation can trigger contractions. The contractions compress the blood vessels that surround the uterus, thereby cutting off the supply of blood and oxygen to the uterus. As a result, uterine tissue releases chemicals that cause pain during menstruation.

Menstrual pain is more pronounced due to an increase in prostaglandins, hormones that trigger the uterine muscles to continue to contract and cause nausea, diarrhea, weakness and headaches. The more prostaglandins produced, the more painful menstruation will be felt.

Apart from the result of the process of shedding of the uterine wall, there are several factors that make a woman vulnerable to menstrual pain. Among them are women who have a higher menstrual volume, have their first menstruation before the age of 11, are obese, have never been pregnant, and frequently consume alcohol and smoke.

Menstrual pain can be caused by disorders of the female reproductive system. However, this condition is usually accompanied by other more serious symptoms. If you experience abnormal menstrual pain and experience other abnormal symptoms, check with your doctor to be identified.

Various Ways to Treat Menstrual Pain Naturally


Abdominal pain during menstruation can be relieved by various natural menstrual pain medications that can be found easily at home, such as:

1. Warm water

When menstruation feels painful, try compressing the stomach with a bottle of warm water. The heat will help relax tense uterine muscles, which can reduce pain.

Place a bottle of warm water wrapped in a washcloth whenever your stomach hurts. You can repeat it as often as you like. This method can relieve menstrual pain without causing any side effects.

Also, try taking a warm shower or bath. Warm baths not only make pain lessened, but also relax your body and mind. A warm bath also helps relax the muscles in the stomach, back and legs.

2. Massage

Giving a massage to the abdomen and lower back with a gentle circular motion can help reduce pain during menstruation. You can also lie on your back with your legs up or on your side with your knees bent for a natural menstrual pain medication.

3. Nutritious food

Numerous studies have shown that taking supplements or foods rich in magnesium, vitamin B6, vitamin B1, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin E is thought to reduce menstrual cramps effectively. Apart from consuming nutritious foods, you are also advised to avoid alcoholic drinks and cigarettes because they will only make menstrual pain worse.

4. Light exercise

You may prefer to be lazy in bed while you have your period. However, moderate exercise can actually be a healthy way to relieve menstrual pain.

Exercising makes your blood circulation smoother. In addition, endorphins that are produced as natural pain relievers can help reduce the effects of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are hormones that make the uterus contract and cause cramps.

Exercise helps relax muscles and increase blood supply to the pelvis. Not only relieves pain, exercise also helps improve moods (mood) that is chaotic during menstruation.

There are many choices of sports that are safe and you can do them during your period. For example, light jogging or aerobic exercise. Exercise regularly, from before and during menstruation.

5. Herbal teas

Research shows that drinking herbal teas such as chamomile tea and ginger tea can be a natural menstrual pain medication because they help relax tense muscles and relieve pain during menstruation. A study published in the Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility said that this flower-scented tea can help reduce menstrual pain that is not triggered by disease.

Chamomile tea contains a compound called hippurate. Hippurate is originally a natural compound in the body that fights inflammation. These anti-inflammatory compounds can help reduce the production of prostaglandins, thereby relieving menstrual pain.

6. Reduce stress

Did you know that stressful thoughts can trigger pain and make it worse?

During menstruation, stress can make stomach cramps worse. Therefore, an effective way to deal with menstrual pain is of course doing things that can reduce stress.

Everyone must have their own way to relieve stress. Watching movies, taking a relaxing walk, or just doing meditation can be options for reducing stress.

When stress strikes, you can start to take a deep breath while exhaling slowly. This breathing technique is the most simple way to get rid of stress and ease the burden on the head.

7. Drink water

Dehydration or lack of fluids is one cause of muscle cramps, including in the stomach.

Drinking water is a great solution for keeping the body hydrated. Adequate body fluid intake is an important key to relieving stomach cramps during menstruation.

By drinking lots of water, the body can avoid painful cramps. Apart from plain water, you can also drink pure juice without added sugar as a way to deal with menstrual pain.

8. Apply essential oil

The study, published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information, compared relief of menstrual pain after receiving abdominal massage in two groups of female students.

One group received a massage using almond oil, while the other group received a massage using a mixture of essential oils consisting of cinnamon, cloves, lavender, and rose in an almond oil base.

The researchers found that the group using the essential oil felt more relief from menstrual cramps than the group using only carrier oils. If you want to give it a try, you can add a few drops of at least one of these essential oils to a carrier oil to massage the stomach.

You can try the natural menstrual pain medications above to reduce pain that appears during menstruation. Don't hesitate to see a doctor if you feel the cramps and menstrual pain are very severe. Sometimes, menstrual pain can also be caused by medical conditions, such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammation, fibroids, or adenomyosis.

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