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What Is Normal Blood Pressure? And How To Control It Naturally

Blood pressure is a measure of how forcefully your heart pumps blood around your body. For maximum body performance, you must have normal blood pressure. So, what is normal blood pressure in adults?

Generally, adults with healthy body conditions have normal blood pressures of around 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg. Numbers 120 and 90 show the level of pressure when the heart pumps blood around the body or what is commonly called systolic pressure. While the numbers 80 and 60 mean the level of pressure when the heart rested for a moment before returning to pumping again, or often called the diastolic pressure.

Normal blood pressure can go up or down depending on the physical activity you are doing and your emotional state. Normal blood pressure can also change during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause. Therefore, normal blood pressure in women and men can sometimes be a little different. So you don't need to panic when you find your blood pressure is different, as long as the number is not consistently high or low for a long time.

In addition, high or low blood pressure is also influenced by the renin enzyme produced by the kidneys and age. Therefore, normal blood pressure values ​​in the elderly may be slightly different from those in young adults.

If you often feel dizzy, have lightheadedness, or have blurred vision, you need to be careful. Because there may be a problem with your blood pressure, such as hypertension (high blood pressure) or hypotension (low blood pressure).

Hypertension


You are said to have hypertension when your blood pressure is 130/80 mmHg or more. In fact, this life-threatening condition often shows no symptoms, so many sufferers don't know if they have hypertension.

Hypertension that is not handled properly can lead to deadly diseases such as strokes and heart attacks, but it can also interfere with vision, and cause fatal damage to other organs such as the kidneys.

People who are at risk of developing hypertension include those who are overweight, smokers, over 55 years of age, alcoholics, rarely exercise, and like to eat foods that are salty and low in potassium and calcium. In addition, those who have family members suffering from hypertension, diabetes or heart disease are also more at risk.

Hypotension


Hypotension occurs when your blood pressure is below 90/60 mmHg. Generally, low blood pressure, even if it is chronic, is not dangerous if the sufferer does not experience symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, fatigue, thirst, unclear vision, rapid and shallow breathing, lack of concentration, and fainting.

Even though it is classified as mild, blood pressure that is too low can lead to heart and brain damage. Here are the things that can trigger hypotension:
  • Dehydration.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Anemia.
  • Hormonal imbalances for example suffering from Addison's disease.
  • Suffering from allergies or infections
  • Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
  • Losing a lot of blood.
  • The use of certain drugs, such as Parkinson's drugs, sildenafil (Viagra) and the like, antidepressant drugs, and some drugs that directly affect the muscles of blood vessels, such as beta and alpha blockers.
  • Heart problems.

Come on Control Your Blood Pressure


An easy way to control your blood pressure is to check it regularly. If you have normal blood pressure, it is recommended that you check it at least every two years or follow your doctor's instructions.

If your blood pressure is between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg, it is recommended that you check it every three to six months or follow your doctor's advice. If your blood pressure reaches 140/90 mmHg or more, immediately consult your doctor so that you can get good medical treatment.

You can find out your blood pressure with the help of a device called a sphygmomanometer. Checking blood pressure can be done in the hospital or at home.

You can ask your doctor about a blood pressure measuring device that is suitable and easy to use for ordinary people. When you buy the device, you can take it to the hospital to match the results of your and your doctor's blood pressure gauge. If the results are appropriate, you can check the blood pressure yourself, whenever you feel it is necessary.

But remember, half an hour before checking blood pressure, you are not advised to smoke, drink caffeine or exercise, so that the results are accurate.

Patients with hypertension are strongly advised to check their blood pressure regularly at home and report the results to their doctor. This can help you and your doctor monitor your blood pressure and the effectiveness of the medication. Sometimes, there are some people who feel tense when they come to the hospital so that their blood pressure increases when checked by a doctor. Even if at home, the blood pressure is normal.

Even though hypotension is classified as not causing symptoms, you should still check it regularly. For more details, you can consult a doctor. Regular checkups are also needed if you experience hypotension accompanied by certain symptoms because it could have serious consequences.
Tips for Getting Normal Blood Pressure

For those who have high blood pressure, you can have normal blood pressure by doing the following:

Get some exercise

Physical activity can stimulate the body to produce nitric acid. This substance can make blood vessels open thereby reducing blood pressure. By exercising means that you strengthen the heart muscle, reduce stress and avoid obesity, one of the triggers of hypertension.

Use of balanced salt

Our bodies only need 500 mg of salt per day. Recent recommendations recommend limiting the amount of salt intake a day to a maximum of 2400 mg, this is the equivalent of approximately 1 teaspoon.

Apply a healthy diet and balanced nutrition

Eat healthy foods to avoid hypertension. Recommended foods include vegetables, fruit, fish, poultry, nuts, low-fat milk and whole grains. Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages

Avoid excessive stress

It's not difficult to deal with stress, you can learn techniques to calm your mind such as breathing techniques, meditation or muscle relaxation.

Meanwhile, for those who have low blood pressure, the following things can be done to increase blood pressure:

Drink lots of water

Apart from preventing dehydration, fluids can also increase blood pressure. Therefore, meet your daily fluid needs every day.

Add salt in food

In contrast to people with high blood pressure who must limit salt consumption, people with low blood pressure can use more salt. However, do consult with your doctor about how much you can consume.

Using special stockings

Special elastic stockings can be used to reduce pain and swelling due to varicose veins which leads to reduced blood collection in the leg area.

This normal blood pressure applies to adults. This figure is different for children and adolescents. For more details, you can consult your doctor.

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