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Causes of Dandruff and Natural Ingredients To Overcome It

Dandruff is white or grayish flakes of scalp. These flakes are easily visible on the head and fall onto the shoulders. Although dandruff is not contagious and is very rarely a serious disease, having dandruff on the head can reduce self-confidence.

Dandruff is caused by the growth and loss of scalp cells that are too fast. It is suspected that it is caused by a disturbance in the oil-producing glands in the scalp, which makes it produce too much skin oil.

Symptoms of Dandruff


Dandruff can occur in children, adolescents and adults. A person who has dandruff can experience symptoms in the form of a scaly and itchy scalp. Immediately do a direct examination to the doctor if you experience dandruff:
  • Many and cause very itching sensation on the scalp.
  • Makes the scalp red and swollen.
  • Does not get better in a month despite using dandruff shampoo.
  • Spread to other body areas, such as ears, eyebrows, nose, and sideburns.
  • Causes hair loss.

Causes of Dandruff


The body has a natural process of shedding dead skin cells on the scalp after new skin cells are formed. Dandruff is the impact of the rapid growth and death of these cells.

It is not certain what causes the accelerated growth and death of cells in the scalp. However, there is a suspicion that it is caused by a disturbance in the skin's oil-producing glands, which makes it produce too much skin oil.

The loss of dead skin cells on the scalp that causes dandruff can also be triggered by other factors, such as:
  • Shampooing rarely, or shampooing too often.
  • Suffering from tinea capitis, a fungal infection of the scalp.
  • Suffering from atopic eczema, which is a disease that makes the skin dry, itchy, cracked, and red.
  • Experiencing allergies, for example due to the use of hair care products, such as hairspray or gel
  • Suffering from psoriasis, a chronic inflammation of the skin that makes the skin flaky, thickened, dry, and scaly.

Changes in weather can affect the condition of the scalp, and increase a person's risk of dandruff. Apart from weather, dandruff is also more common in conditions, such as:
  • Men at puberty.
  • Having oily hair types.
  • Suffering from a disease that affects the immune system, such as HIV.
  • Drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Often eat foods high in sugar, spicy, or that contain lots of salt.
  • Lack of consuming vitamin B foods, such as eggs, cheese and fish.

Natural Ingredients To Overcome Dandruff


There are many dandruff removal products that are designed to treat dandruff. However, you can also choose natural remedies that are safer and maybe more effective. Here are simple tips to get rid of dandruff at home with natural ingredients:

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has been used for a long time to treat ailments ranging from acne to psoriasis. This natural ingredient has also been shown to have strong antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which in turn can effectively reduce dandruff symptoms.

In fact, according to one review reported by Healthline, tea tree oil is effective against a specific type of fungus that can cause seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. Another study also examined tea tree oil's effect on dandruff by treating 126 people every day for one month with a shampoo containing 5 percent tea tree oil.

At the end of the study, tea tree oil was shown to reduce the severity of symptoms by 41 percent and prevent itching and excess oil on the scalp. Some people can be very sensitive to tea tree oil. So, before deciding to use it, try a few drops on the scalp before applying it to the skin surface.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is also widely recognized for its various health benefits. This vegetable oil is often used as a natural remedy for dandruff. Coconut oil helps improve skin hydration and prevents dryness, which can worsen dandruff symptoms. A small study of 34 people showed that coconut oil was just as effective as mineral oil at increasing skin hydration. Another study found that coconut oil helps in the treatment of eczema, a skin condition that can cause dandruff.

Applying coconut oil to the skin for eight weeks was effective at reducing symptoms by 68 percent, compared to just 38 percent for using mineral oil. Coconut oil and its compounds have also been shown to have antimicrobial properties. However, research is still needed on its effects on the specific strains of fungi that cause dandruff.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a type of succulent that is often added to skin ointments, cosmetics, and lotions. When applied to the skin, aloe vera is believed to help treat skin conditions such as burns, psoriasis and cold sores. This plant can also be useful in the treatment of dandruff.

Aloe vera has antibacterial and antifungal properties that can help protect against dandruff. Aloe vera is thought to be effective against several specific species of fungi that cause dandruff and hair loss from the scalp. Aloe vera is also believed to reduce inflammation caused by dandruff and relieve it.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has also been linked to various health benefits, such as getting rid of dandruff. The acidity of apple cider vinegar is believed to help stimulate the release of dead skin cells on the scalp. Apple cider vinegar is also said to balance the pH of the skin to reduce mold growth and thus be effective against dandruff.

However, the study of apple vinegar to treat dandruff still needs further investigation. So far, apple cider vinegar has been shown to prevent the growth of certain types of fungus. If you want to try apple cider vinegar for dandruff, add a few tablespoons to your shampoo. Can also combine with other essential oils and spray directly into hair.

Consume omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are known to be beneficial for skin health, if a deficiency of these omega-3 fatty acids can cause dry hair, and also dandruff.

To get these omega-3 fatty acids, you can eat healthy fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel, chia seeds, flaxseed, or walnuts.

Olive oil

Olive oil is a remedy that has long been used to treat dandruff. When you apply olive oil to the scalp, olive oil will moisturize the dry parts of the scalp. Olive oil can also absorb into the thick part of the scalp causing dandruff problems. Try massaging your hair with olive oil and then let it sit overnight.

Simply pour 8 to 10 drops of olive oil on the palms of your hands and massage it into your scalp. Use a shower cap on your head so you don't stain the sheets. In the morning, wash your hair using anti-dandruff shampoo. It should also be noted that olive oil can make your hair quite oily. So make sure you have plenty of time to wash your hair the next day.

For intensive consultation about stubborn scalp health problems and dandruff, you can contact your personal doctor.

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