Causes and Symptoms of Asthma and How to Relieve It Naturally

Asthma is a long-term or chronic type of disease of the respiratory tract characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways causing shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Apart from having difficulty breathing, people with asthma can also experience other symptoms such as chest pain, coughing, and wheezing. Asthma can be suffered by all ages, young or old.

Although the exact cause of asthma is not clear, there are several things that often trigger it, such as cigarette smoke, dust, animal dander, physical activity, cold air, viral infections, or even exposure to chemicals.

For someone who has asthma, the respiratory tract is more sensitive than for other people who do not live with this condition. When the lungs are irritated by the triggers above, the respiratory tract muscles of people with asthma will stiffen and make the channel narrow. In addition, there will be an increase in phlegm production, which makes your breath feel heavy.

Asthma Symptoms

The main symptoms of asthma include difficulty breathing, coughing, chest tightness, and wheezing (the sound produced when air flows through the narrowed airway). When these symptoms recur, often people with asthma have difficulty sleeping.

The severity of asthma symptoms can range from mild to severe. Worsening of symptoms usually occurs at night or early morning. Often times this makes it difficult for people with asthma to sleep and the need for inhalers is getting more frequent. In addition, worsening of symptoms can also be triggered by an allergic reaction or physical activity.

Asthma symptoms that get significantly worse are called asthma attacks. Asthma attacks usually occur within 6-24 hours, or even several days. However, there are some sufferers whose asthma symptoms worsen very quickly less than this time.

In addition to difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and wheezing that worsens significantly, other signs of a severe asthma attack can include:
  • Relief inhalers that don't work any longer in treating symptoms.
  • Symptoms of cough, wheezing and tightness in the chest are getting worse and more frequent.
  • Difficulty talking, eating, or sleeping due to difficulty breathing.
  • Lips and fingers that appear blue.
  • Increased heart rate.
  • Feel dizzy, tired, or drowsy.
  • There is a decrease in the peak expiratory current.

Don't ignore it if you or your family experience the above signs of an asthma attack. Immediately see a doctor to get further treatment.

Causes of Asthma

The exact cause of asthma is still unknown. Even so, there are several things that can trigger the appearance of symptoms of this disease, including:
  • Lung and airway infections that commonly attack the upper airway like flu.
  • Allergens (animal hair, dust mites and pollen).
  • Exposure to substances in the air, such as chemical fumes, cigarette smoke and air pollution.
  • Factors in weather conditions, such as cold weather, windy weather, hot weather supported by poor air quality, humid weather, and drastic temperature changes.
  • The interior condition of the room is damp, moldy, and dusty.
  • Certain occupations, such as carpentry, welder, or textile factory worker.
  • Stress.
  • Excessive emotions (lingering sadness, excessive anger, laughing out loud).
  • Physical activity (eg sports).
  • Medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers (aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen) and beta blockers (usually given to people with heart problems or hypertension).
  • Foods or drinks that contain sulfites (a natural substance sometimes used as a preservative), such as jam, shrimp, processed food, ready-to-eat food, juice packaged drinks, beer and wine.
  • Food allergies (eg nuts).
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or a disease in which stomach acid backs up into the esophagus, irritating the upper gastrointestinal tract.

It is very important to know what triggers symptoms if you are an asthma sufferer. After knowing it, avoid these things because they are the best way for you to prevent asthma attacks.

Natural Remedies To Relieve Asthma Symptoms

In addition to medical drugs prescribed by doctors, asthma can also be relieved by various natural herbal ingredients. These natural herbal remedies can easily be found at home, including:


Garlic has anti-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, garlic is thought to help relieve asthma symptoms. In addition, garlic contains allicin, a very powerful antioxidant.

According to a study, allicin in the body will produce acids that can destroy free radicals and help relieve asthma. However, further evidence and research are still needed to support these two statements.


Ginger has long been used as a traditional medicine to relieve respiratory problems. Ginger is also believed to reduce inflammation. Ginger can reduce allergic responses and relax the muscles in the respiratory tract, which can relieve asthma symptoms. However, further clinical research is still needed to confirm this benefit.


Turmeric is thought to affect histamine, which is a chemical produced by cells in the body when experiencing an allergic or inflammatory reaction. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory effects that can improve lung function in people with asthma. Besides being effective, turmeric is also safe for consumption by asthma patients because it rarely causes significant side effects.


Honey is an herbal remedy that is widely used to relieve sore throats and relieve coughs and colds. Honey is also thought to smoothen the respiratory tract, especially when inflamed due to a wheezing or coughing sound.

An animal study showed that evaporated honey inhibited inflammation of the airways, reduced symptoms and prevented asthma, and effectively cleared mucus. But all of this still requires further research.


Omega-3 contained in fish can reduce the effects of inflammation in people with asthma. However, the research conducted is still on a small scale.

Black cumin

Research shows that taking black cumin extract in the form of oil can help reduce recurrence of asthma symptoms and relieve asthma attacks. However, further clinical research is still needed to confirm this benefit.

Essential oil

Eucalyptus, lavender, and basil oil dripped into a diffuser to inhale the vapors can help relieve asthma and bronchitis attacks.

Mustard oil

It may seem strange but mustard oil is not an essential oil and its applications are different. Mustard oil is a fatty oil that contains isothiocyanate (ITC) which is obtained from the juice of mustard seeds.

Rubbing a mixture of mustard oil with salt and massaging it around the chest several times a day can be done until the asthma attack subsides. This massage is done to help open the respiratory tract as well as improve lung function.

Apart from oil, there are also mustard patches that you can put on your chest to give a warm impression for 15 minutes. Applying mustard tape can cause sunburn.

Even though it is natural, it does not mean that the asthma herbal remedies above are completely safe. Consult your doctor first before using it as a treatment.

Light exercise to relieve asthma attacks

Apart from consuming ingredients that can be found at home, relieving asthma can also be done in several ways such as breathing exercises or meditation such as yoga.

A practiced breathing pattern helps prevent shortness of breath when asthma symptoms strike. Apart from that, alternative medicine such as acupuncture is also said to help improve airways and control symptoms such as chest pain.

Controlling asthma through prevention so that asthma does not attack and becomes severe is very important. For that, make sure you get an accurate asthma diagnosis and discuss with your doctor what to do if asthma attacks.

Record important things in an asthma journal so that you can keep an eye on yourself, such as preventing asthma triggers, including food intake.

Don't forget to adopt a healthy lifestyle by exercising diligently to maintain your weight and eat nutritious foods and get enough rest.

Don't forget to contact your doctor immediately so that your asthma doesn't get worse.

Related Posts

Post a Comment